It is critical to understand and sympathize with all types of people in order to better serve different users. Following the WCAG 2.0 AA criteria makes information more accessible to people with impairments such as blindness and impaired vision, deafness and hearing loss, learning disabilities, cognitive limitations, limited movement, communication disabilities, and photosensitivity. Avoid these accessibility design blunders to ensure you're serving every person who visits your website.
Poor design decisions can create difficulties for a wide range of people. According to WebAIM research, there were over 50,000,000 "distinct accessibility problems" across one million homepages, with an average of little over 50 per page.
Because the internet has become a crucial part of the daily lives of over a billion people, site owners must take steps to ensure that everyone has equitable access to it. However, it is more than just a problem of human rights. Making your website accessible has a clear financial benefit. Given that 61 million Americans have some type of handicap, an inaccessible website could be hurting your bottom line. Make your website accessible, and you might potentially get thousands of new clients.
People with disabilities have specific requirements and challenges, and testing with them can assist identify any issues that users without disabilities may not notice. Designers can receive useful insights and feedback from include disabled users in the testing process, which can help enhance the design and make it more inclusive. Furthermore, testing with people with disabilities can assist guarantee that the design adheres to accessibility norms and standards, allowing the product to be more broadly available and useful for people with disabilities.
Poor color contrast
Inadequate color contrast impairs people's capacity to visually process information. Check that there is adequate contrast between the text and the background to ensure that the text is readable. The contrast ratio between text and background should be at least 4.5 to 1. If your text is at least 24 pixels wide or 19 pixels tall, the minimum reduces to 3 to 1.
Not including users with disabilities
It is critical to include disabled users in the testing process to ensure that the design is accessible and simple to use for everyone. It is difficult to tell if the design meets the needs and addresses the issues of users with disabilities without their participation.
Hidden Focus States
Users can employ focus states to help them navigate and comprehend where they are. Never conceal them. Keyboard users place a high value on focus states. It assists kids in understanding where they are on a page. To test your site, navigate through it and find your focus.
Ineffective Link Text
Links are an essential component of a web page, both for user experience and SEO. To be effective, though, you must appropriately describe them using link language. While SEO experts would never miss an opportunity to include a term in an internal link, missing link text is surprisingly prevalent. Logos, buttons, and icons are all guilty of not having any text, therefore screen readers will overlook them. That isn't ideal if you want people to click your CTA button.
Missing Form Labels
Form input fields, like link text, require a label so that screen readers and other accessibility devices can comprehend them and assist users in navigating them. However, a label is more than just the placeholder text in the form field. You must also include a description in the form's code. This is because screen readers typically overlook placeholder text. It doesn't help that most placeholder text lacks a strong color contrast.
Overwhelming Cognitive Load
Communicate facts in a clear and understandable manner. Create content that is easy to digest for those who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, or autism-spectrum disorders.
Because text communicates the majority of information on websites, font should be legible and readable. This allows persons with low vision to easily distinguish between characters. It can make reading easier for someone with a learning handicap. Make use of clear, straightforward fonts with adequate spacing. To make text easier to read, use comfortable kerning and leading.